After the costs of construction have been estimated and all other necessary planning has been made, it is time for the actual new home construction to begin. The construction phase is one large step closer to owning one’s dream home. It is when all the painstaking preparations slowly but gratifyingly pay off in a most enjoyable way.
Home construction varies with the home and the location. Homes near the hurricane belt will have to be fortified against hurricanes. Some places will require homes with basements, while in other places, basements are unheard of. Methods and materials in building a home may also vary, but there are certain processes that remain in common. In order to be able to follow on the construction process, below is a detailed guide to low-cost home construction:
Home Site Preparation
The positioning of the house is usually finalized at this point, following specifications in the plans or the most suitable alignment that can be achieved between the design and the conditions of the site. The area is marked with stakes to show the final positioning. The clearing of trees and other possible obstructions to the house is then carried out. It is also at this stage that a rough driveway is sketched.
Laying out the foundation is the first stage in the construction and one of the most important. Holes for the foundation will be excavated. The plumbing and electrical undergrounds will be installed and trenches for utility lines dug. The concrete flooring of the house will be poured and waterproofing is carried out. Grading of the lot is then made. After the foundation is placed, the structure is ready for the framing process.
At the framing stage, the skeletal structure of the home is created. Wood studs and steel beams for floor joists and rafters and other support masonry are put up. Exterior and interior walls are erected at this point, including the windows and door frames. Roof trusses and the stairs are raised.
Exterior Work and Roofing
The exterior is improved at this stage with some sheathing. The windows and exterior rear doors are better outlined. Siding is installed around the entire house. Roofing is also furthered here. Rain gutters, eaves, facia, and overhang are formed, while decking and shingles are laid out. Work on the garage is included in this step as well.
The lifeblood of the house is set up in this leg of construction. Electrical wiring, plumbing, and H.V.A.C. (Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning) equipment are installed. Wiring for telephones, cable television, and pre-wiring for a security system are also part of the process. After these have been completed, insulation is then laid out over the house. Further to this, the drywall is installed and once through, the texture can then be applied. It might be insightful to ensure that all components of this stage are in working condition before insulation is placed to minimize wastage and additional costs.
By this time, the interior of the home would need some well-deserved attention. The installation or building of cabinets for the kitchen and other rooms are done and floor surfaces are improved with ceramic tiling or other specified finishes. Doors will be hung and fireplaces and mantles, if any, will be built. Painting, caulking, and staining will be accomplished during this period.
Trim and Finishing Touches
The work is almost finished at this point. Only minor installations will have been undone and cosmetic items are to be added. Plumbing fixtures in the bathroom, kitchen, and other places will be installed, as well as light switches, electrical outlets and hanging electrical fixtures. The H.V.A.C. faceplates or units, thermostats, and compressors are mounted along with intercom, television and telephone outlets. The interior finishing touches include fitting the carpets and carpet padding, and wallpapers, as well as painting touch-ups. Outside work requirements would include finishing the driveway and landscaping. General cleaning of the entire, newly finished home would then be advisable.
It is important that every aspect of construction is monitored and the finished segments inspected by the appropriately qualified professionals to ensure that the new home will be strong and secure for the present and for years to come.